Research Article

Peptic ulceration, gastric secretion, and renal transplantation.

Br Med J 1977; 1 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6077.1630 (Published 25 June 1977) Cite this as: Br Med J 1977;1:1630
  1. G D Chisholm,
  2. A D Mee,
  3. G Williams,
  4. J E Castro,
  5. J H Baron

    Abstract

    Fifty-four patients on haemodialysis for chronic renal failure underwent renal transplantation. Basal and maximum acid output and the incidence of peptic ulcer before transplantation were not significantly different from those of controls. But after renal transplantation the incidence of symptoms of peptic ulcer was high (22%) and four out of six patients who developed gastrointestinal bleeding died from this complication. In men peak acid output was significantly increased after renal transplantation and was associated with a 30% incidence of symptoms of peptic ulcer compared with 10% in women, who showed no significant change in mean basal or peak acid output. Peptic ulceration after transplantation was not associated with steroid dosage, hyperparathyroidism, or the height of blood urea concentrations. Given criteria of a history of dyspepsia, abnormal barium meal findings, or gastric hypersecretion, it was not possible to identify patients at risk from peptic ulceration or life-threatening complications after renal transplantation. Thus the routine screening of these patients for peptic ulcer has no practical value, and the incidence of fatal complications is not high enough to justify routine prophylactic anti-ulcer surgery aimed at reducing acid secretion before renal transplantation.