Research Article

Immune complexes in Behçet's syndrome and recurrent oral ulceration.

Br Med J 1977; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6073.1387 (Published 28 May 1977) Cite this as: Br Med J 1977;1:1387

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  1. B D Williams,
  2. T Lehner

    Abstract

    Seventeen patients with Behçet's syndrome, 11 with recurrent oral ulceration, and eight controls were studied in an investigation of the part possibly played by immune complexes in the transition from focal oral ulceration to the multifocal syndrome. Changes in the distribution of C3 within the first peak of Sephadex G200 fractionated plasma were found in nine of the 17 patients with Behçet's syndrome (55%), three of the 11 patients with recurrent oral ulcers, and none of eight controls. These findings provide indirect evidence that immune complexes are found in the plasma of these patients. Immune complexes were more common in patients with the neuro-ocular type of Behçet's syndrome than in those with the mucocutaneous type, and in those with herpetiform ulcers than in those with major or minor aphthous ulcers. Immune complexes were also associated with active disease. These findings support the hypothesis that the formation of immune complexes is an important step in the pathogenesis of Behçet's syndrome.