Research Article

Prognosis and early management of birth injuries to the brachial plexus.

Br Med J 1976; 1 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6024.1520 (Published 19 June 1976) Cite this as: Br Med J 1976;1:1520
  1. G C Bennet,
  2. A J Harrold

    Abstract

    Twenty-four cases of birth injury to the brachial plexus were seen in 21 infants over 15 years. Obstetric complications were common, and in 11 cases traction was needed to deliver the shoulders. Three out of every four arms fully recovered after exercises. Splints were not needed. Reconstructive procedures were performed on three permanently paralysed arms when the children were aged about 4. There was no way of predicting which patients would recover. The muscles supplied by the suprascapular nerve were paralysed in all patients, and this paralysis persisted in those whose arms failed to recover fully.