Research Article

e antigen in acute hepatitis B.

Br Med J 1976; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6012.740 (Published 27 March 1976) Cite this as: Br Med J 1976;1:740

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  1. G Norkrans,
  2. L Magnius,
  3. S Iwarson

    Abstract

    To examine the association between e antigen and hepatitis-B surface antigen (HBs Ag) we studied 90 inpatients with acute viral hepatitis type B. e Antigen was present in 24 of the patients; these patients had detectable levels of HBs Ag for significantly longer than the 66 with no e antigen in their serum. The HBs Ag subtypes D (adw) and Y (ayw) were similarly distributed among patients with e antigen and among those without, and no differences in the results of biochemical liver function tests were observed between the two groups during the acute phase of illness. Three of the five patients who developed clinical and histological signs of chronic liver disease were positive for e antigen, a finding which supports the hypothesis that e antigen has a prognostic value in hepatitis B.