Research Article

Mitigation of amphotericin B nephrotoxicity by mannitol.

Br Med J 1975; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5957.550 (Published 08 March 1975) Cite this as: Br Med J 1975;1:550
  1. J J Olivero,
  2. J Lozano-Mendez,
  3. E M Ghafary,
  4. G Eknoyan,
  5. W N Suki

    Abstract

    Renal transplant recipients are susceptible to a number of fungal infections amenable to therapy with amphotericin B, but azotaemia is an almost invariable sequel to the use of this agent. As intravenous mannitol has been shown to minimize nephrotoxicity induced by amphotericin B in dogs we treated four kidney transplant recipients who had systemic fungal infections with mannitol and amphotericin B. None showed significant reduction in renal function though a mild metabolic acidosis did develop.