Papers And Originals

Infectious Complications in Bone Marrow Transplant Patients

Br Med J 1971; 1 doi: (Published 02 January 1971) Cite this as: Br Med J 1971;1:18
  1. C. O. Solberg,
  2. H. J. Meuwissen,
  3. R. N. Needham,
  4. R. A. Good,
  5. J. M. Matsen


    In 11 patients receiving transplants of allogeneic bone marrow, the graft was successful in six. Nine patients developed infections, and six died—five of septicaemia and one of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Fifty individual infections occurred. Predisposing factors included severe underlying diseases, long-term exposure to resistant hospital organisms, heavy immunosuppressive therapy, and graft-versus-host disease. Gram-negative bacilli and Candida albicans were the most common causative organisms. In every instance of septicaemia identical organisms were isolated from blood cultures and simultaneously obtained stool cultures. Infection with exogenous organisms often occurred in patients occupying conventional isolation rooms. Isolation of one patient for 45 days in a laminar air flow room prevented infection with exogenous organisms.